The main molecules of Cannabis

Les principales molécules du Cannabis
The 5 most studied cannabinoids currently:
- THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol):
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol was the first cannabinoid to be isolated. This discovery took place in 1964 thanks to the Israeli researcher, Dr Raphael Mechoulam. It is the best-known active ingredient and also the one responsible for the psychotropic effects associated with cannabis. Indeed, THC acts on certain parts of the brain resulting in an influx of dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for the feeling of pleasure leading to effects such as euphoria or well-being. Banned at a rate above 0.3% in the EU.
- CBD (cannabidiol):
CBD or cannabidiol is the second cannabinoid to have been isolated in cannabis. However, CBD has no psychotropic or disruptive effects and could even combat the perverse effects of THC such as anxiety, paranoia, psychosis. On the contrary, we currently do not know of any harmful physical or psychological consequences following the consumption of CBD. On the other hand, scientific studies have multiplied in recent years highlighting the potential of CBD.
On the other hand, it would be beneficial in the treatment of several serious and difficult to cure (or even incurable) diseases such as: multiple sclerosis (MS), fibromyalgia, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel disease, etc.
- CBN (cannabinol):
CBN, or cannabinol, is a slightly psychoactive cannabinoid that is present in cannabis but in low quantities. Its effects would be equivalent to around 10% of those of THC. It comes from the oxidation of THC and develops when THC is exposed to UV rays or oxygen. The degradation of THC into CBN will be even faster if the storage temperature of the cannabis is high. This is why it is advisable to store your hemp in a cool, dry place.
It would also be beneficial in reducing the symptoms of Charcot Disease.
It is important to note that too high a level of CBN can have negative side effects such as severe fatigue, weariness or even the desire to sleep as well as a reduction in heart rate.
- cannabigerol (CBG):
CBG, or cannabigerol, is also a cannabinoid with no psychoactive effect. Like CBC, it is only present in small proportions in cannabis: <1%. But it would be found in greater quantities in hemp intended for textiles. Some studies present it as the stem cell of THC & CBD, which means that THC & CBD would initially be CBG.
- CBC (cannabichrome):
CBC, or cannabichromene, is a rare and non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It is very little present in hemp (generally less than 1%). Some studies suggest that it interacts with THC and thus makes its effects more pronounced (especially analgesic effects).
Today, very few studies and research have been carried out on other cannabinoids but we already know that there are many others such as delta-8-tetra-hydrocannabinol (delta-8-THC), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), cannabinodiol (CBND) and cannabitriol (CBTL).....
This leaves us optimistic for the future!